Saint Nicholas who lived from 270 to 343, has contributed to the formation of numerous legends that over the centuries have led to him being regarded as one of the most important saints. However the legends are based on the real life of the bishop of Myra (Demre, Turkey). After he died he was laid to rest at the Saint Nicholas tomb in Bari, Italy
Below you see Sankt Nikolaus visiting children in Bavaria in morning of Dec. 6.
Children look forward to a visit by St. Nikolaus and Knecht Rupprecht (for naughty children) on December 6
My parents would put out small presents like chocolate, fruit and nuts into our shined boots at night of December 5th and placed them outside. Sometimes Sankt Nikolaus, a friend or neighbor in a Bishop costume, would bring goodies in a bag the next day. He was accompanied with his assistant Knecht Rupprecht, or the scary and hairy looking Krampus
There are few documented facts about the life of the historical Nicholas.
Nikolaus was born between 270 in Patara, which is a small town about 100 km southwest of Antalya in modern-day Turkey. He lived in Myra (Lycia), now Demre, which in the 4th century that was the place of the bishop’s seat. The inhabitants spoke Greek. Reports about Nikolaus’ life come from Andrew of Crete (about 700 a.D.) and by a monk name John from the Studite monastery in Constantinople, which was founded in the 5th century.
According to tradition, he was ordained a priest at the age of 19 by his uncle Nicholas, the bishop of Myra, and then Abbot of the monastery of Sion near Myra. During the persecution of Christians in 310 he was captured and tortured. He distributed his inherited wealth among the needy. This is also reported by attested bishops of the 4th century, Ambrose of Milan and Basil of Caesarea, and is considered historical fact. There are various legends about Nicholas.
The custom, the filling of the shoes in the night from the 5th to the 6th December or similar is based on the legend of the three virgins, who were gifted at night by St. Nicholas. This is mainly done in the Bavarian catholic regions, and the Christmas Child usually comes Christmas Eve with presents.
Originally, St. Nicholas Day was also the day of Christmas gifts. In Northern Lutheran Germany and some countries, he still brings the gifts on the 24/25th Dec. It was a result of the rejection of the worship of saints by the Reformation that the gift was postponed to Christmas in many countries, and as a result Nicholas was replaced by the Christ Child in some places as a giver.
Photo by Wikimedia.Oberbobritzsch Kirche Nikolausaltar
In the 19th Century, America developed this customs around Santa Claus also called Kris Kringle. Today Santa Claus is the world’s dominant, mercantile figure.In the 19th Century, America developed this customs around Santa Claus. Today Santa Claus is the world’s dominant, mercantile figure.